Qiqihar, dated from 1699, is an ancient city with a history of more than 300 years. “Qiqihar”, known as “Longsha” or “Bukui”, is a Daur word, which means “border” or “natural pasture”. Heilongjiang Martial domiciled in Qiqihar City in 1699. Since then, Qiqihar has been the provincial capital of Heilongjiang Province for 285 years.
Qiqihar is located along the middle and lower reaches of the Nenjiang River and the hinterland of Songnen Plain, which is adjacent to the Greater Khingan Range and Hulunbuir Prairie. Flat terrain, abundant natural resources and advantageous natural conditions provide an excellent habitat for lives and breeds. “Qiqihar”, homophonic to “Tsitsihar” (a Daur word), means “border” or “natural pasture”. Qiqihar is also known as “Bukui” because it originates from Bukui Village.
“Bukui” is a Chinese homophonic word of a Daur or Mongolian word meaning “strong man”, “wrestling pits” or “auspicious”. The Daur language is allied to the Mongolian language, and they share many things. In a word, either Qiqihar or Bukui means “natural pasture” and “auspicious”.
Qiqihar, as the second largest city in Heilongjiang Province, is the financial and cultural center of the western region of the province. Due to the habitat of red-crowned cranes, it has a good reputation of “Crane City”.
Located along the middle and lower reaches of the Nen River and the hinterland of Songnen Plain, Qiqihar, with the north side higher than the south, has an altitude of ranging from 200 to 500 m. Due to its fertile soil, deep and thick humus and high organic content, here is an important commodity grain and animal by-products base in China. The total area under the city's jurisdiction is 42,469 km2 (16,328 sq mi). Qiqihar is divided into 16 divisions: 7 districts, 8 counties and 1 county-level city. The total population of the prefecture-level city was 5,673,498 (a total of 2,062,563 house holds, 2,880,637 males and 2,792,861 females) at the 2011 census. Among them, the agricultural population was 3,650,777, while non-agricultural 2,022,721. Throughout the city is home to thirty-five nationalities including Han, Manchu, Mongolians, Koreans, Hui, Daur, Ewenki, Oroqen, Kyrgyz and Xibe.