National Economic and Social Development
Qiqihar has been actively advancing reform & opening up and economic and social development, with the aim to establish an ecological city, a garden city, a capital of green food, a base for the equipment industry, a home of ecological tourism and a well-known frontier cultural and historical city and its urban and rural area has taken a new look.
I. Rapid Development of Emerging Industries
Qiqihar’s industrial structure has been further optimized with industrial strength and development potential noticeably enhanced. In 2011, the industrial enterprises above the designated scale achieved added value of RMB 32 billion, main business income of RMB 91.5 billion, and profits and taxes of RMB 10.38 billion, respectively increased by 2.1, 1.8 and 2.4 times than those in 2006. In the past 5 years, 398 key industrial projects have been implemented, as well as 153 projects with values of over RMB 100 million, and 11 projects with values of over RMB 1 billion, achieving the investment of RMB 20.7 billion. Technical innovation and capacity expansion projects have been successfully implemented by such long-established enterprises as China First Heavy Industries (CFHI), Beiman Special Steel, Qiqihar Railway Rolling Stock Co., Ltd., Qiqihar Heavy CNC Equipment Co., Ltd., Qiqihar No.2 Machine Tool (Group) Co., Ltd., HAOHUA, Feihe International, Inc., BOTIAN, BOCHENG etc. Also, major projects have been successfully introduced and established, such as large Dongfanghong Large Agricultural Machinery Project of YTO Group Corporation, Longhua New Energy Automobile, China Mengniu Dairy Co., Ltd., Corn Further Processing Project of COFCO (China Oil & Foodstuff Corporation), biopharmaceutical industrial park by Zhongheng Pharmaceutical Industry etc. Park construction “15211” engineering is progressing smoothly, with 31 projects under construction, involving total investment amounts of RMB 61.2 billion, with investment amount of RMB 6.1 billion completed. The construction of key parks has been successfully boosted, such as Qiqihar Hi-tech Park, the Industrial Park of Transportation Equipment Manufacture, Mengxi Industrial Park of Building Materials etc. Each Park in each county begins to take shape. The ties with enterprise headquarters have been strengthened, which has powerfully supported the development of enterprises. Land indicators of 832 hectare for the batch have been obtained, with 725 hectares obtained in the last two years, which has guaranteed the demand of projects for construction land. Qiqihar has implemented non-public economy (small and medium-sized enterprises) cultivation and growth engineering to promote the development of private enterprises. Scientific innovations had significant achievements, and won 82 scientific and technical awards above the provincial level. Production values of Hi-tech enterprises achieved RMB 28 billion, increased by 3 times compared to that in 2006. The City has been named as Pilot City for National Trademark Strategy Implementation and Pilot Base for National New Industrialization Equipement Manufacturing Industry.
II. Overall Development of Agriculture and the Rural Area
Various policies to benefit farmers have been overall put in practice. Planting industries have achieved excellent harvests in the fourth row. With the continuous soundness of rural infrastructures, and obvious perfectness of hospitalization for farmers, education for their children, and working conditions in urban, farmers live with more happiness, more incomes and better conditions. In 2011, total amounts of grains, beans and tuber crops reached 10.75 billion kg, increased by 61.3% compared to that in 2006, and reached a record high; total production value of agriculture was RMB 27.16 billion, increased by 40.7% compared to that in 2006; value of animal husbandry was RMB 17.3 billion, increased by 38.7% compared to that in 2006; amounts of cow breeding were 622 thousand, and total product of raw milks was 1.453 million tons, respectively increased by 64.9% and 77.2% compared to those in 2006; total amounts of transferred rural labors were 1.07 million, with average labor income of RMB 2,994, increased by 3 times compared to that in 2006; and average net income for rural residents was RMB 7,391, increased by 2.8 times compared to that in 2006. Poverty alleviation and development obtained significant achievements, and the rural poverty population reduced by 55% compared to that in 2006. 1,670 safety engineering of rural drinking water have been constructed, to resolve the issue of unsafe drinking water for 857 thousand rural residents. Rural thatched cottages of 14.165 million square meters have been transformed, and the ratio of rural tile houses achieved 70.6%, increased by 18 percentage point compared to that in 2006. Planting structure has been continuously optimized, with corn, rice and potato planting area respectively of 16.18 million mu (15mu=1ha), 3.39 million mu, and 2.07 million mu, pasture, cereal and vegetable planting area of 2.1 million mu, and green-crop planting area of 35% of total cultivated area. Development plan of potato industries has been set out, including 78 newly established potato storages (cellars) with the standard above thousand tons, additional storage capability of 320 thousand tons, the operation of potato marketing trains, and the promotion of effective connection between farmers and markets. The Xingshisi Modern Agriculture Pilot Park conforms to the standard of the provincial level, and 37 county-level agricultural science and technology parks have been developed. RMB 16.3 billion have been invested to promote 81 key industrialization projects for the agriculture, and 190 leading enterprises above the municipal level have been developed. The amount of Farmers Cooperatives has been developed from 523 in 2006 to 3,610 now. 160 professional cooperatives of modern farm machines with tens of millions have been set, occupying 29.3% in the Province, with the comprehensive mechanization up to 89.2%. The area of land scale operation has been up to 41.5% of the total cultivated area. During the five years, RMB 2.790 billion have been invested, dikes of 51 km have been consolidated, 27 dangerous reservoirs have been stabilized for danger release, 3 large irrigated districts has been renewed with auxiliary equipment and transformed for water conservation, and 1 irrigated district headwork has been newly established; high efficient water conservation and irrigation of 1.73 million mu and paddy fields of 1.77 million mu have been newly added; and water and soil erosion area of 1.955 million mu has been governed. RMB 1.36 billion have been invested for land arrangement, cultivated areas of 119 thousand mu have been newly added, and protection work for the cultivated areas has been awarded the provincial advance for five years in succession.
III. Significant Improvement of Living Environment
During the five years, 64 residential communities have been newly developed, commercial residential buildings of 7.30 million square meters constructed, and per capita living area in the urban up to 25.6 square meters, increased by 4 square meters compared to that in 2006. Since 2008, urban shanty areas of 5.18 million square meters have been removed, occupying 76% of the total amounts; and replacement properties of 5.14 million square meters constructed, with residents of 83 thousand into the new properties. Removal experience has been introduced to the whole country. 10,328 low-rent houses and 2,300 public rent houses have been constructed in the urban. 10 old communities and low heating temperature buildings of 570 thousand square meters in the urban have been transformed, and the transformation of 9 urban villages has been launched and implemented. With co-construction of the government and enterprises, launch the construction of Qiqihar new city (China Focus City), including the removal of 410 thousand square meters and the launch and construction of 7 projects. Key engineering such as south expansion of Labor Lake and overall landscape transformation of Zhonghua Road has been orderly promoted. Highway construction achieved historic breakthrough, including the completion and transportation service of 4 expressways, 3 cross-river bridges and Qiqihar-Fularji Highway, which has been suspended for 10 years. 29 main and secondary roads in the urban have been transformed, with per capita occupying area up to 8 square meters. Rural highways of 17 thousand km have been constructed, and the setting ratio of highways that connect to collages and towns up to 100% and 98%. The investment of RMB 2.05 billion has been put into the launch and construction for 35 projects of “three-supply and two-control”, with new improvement of gas, heat and water supply capabilities. The implementation of corporatization operation in the taxi industry has just got achievements. The project that has been listed into water pollution plan of Songhuajiang River Valley has been put into service as scheduled. Green areas of 2,413 hectare have been newly added, as well as 14 parks and gardens newly constructed, to promote the green coverage ratio up to 40%, and achieve the green standard of national parks. Forest planting of 1.603 million mu has been completed. Three-year battle task of forest planting has been completed as scheduled. Wuyur River Nature Reserve has been promoted as a National Reserve. The plan and construction of 24 provincial and city pilots has been promoted with high standards, to achieve the promotion of 12 whole cottages (towns) and 127 whole villages, and achieve 120 provincial model villages. Civilized cities with “three advanced and two promotions” have been created with great efforts. Attentions have been focused on the launch of comprehensive government battle in key regional environment in the City, to form long-term systems of city management. The City has been awarded with Provincial Health City. Regulations on city plan control have been issued. 567 various overall plans of land use, Zhonghui New City, Zhalong Scenic Spot etc. have been newly developed and perfected, to provide rigid security for city construction in the future.