1. Land, Forest, Grassland and Biodiversity
Land, the total land area of Qiqihar City is 42,469 km2, approximately accounts for 1/10 of the total land area of the province.
Forest, the forest land area of the city 581,300 ha, including forest land area 402,100 ha, protection forest land area 437,000 ha, economic forest land area 700 ha, the forest coverage rate is 10.27%, the living wood growing stock of the city is 34.59 million cubic meters, and the main species including pinus sylvestris, Korean pine and poplar, etc, 12 species.
Wetland, the total wetland area of the city in 7 districts and 9 counties is 579,749 ha, including general wetland 432,326 ha, and protection reserve wetland 147,423 ha. Currently, there are 10 wetland natural reserves, and 2 national level wetland parks.
Grassland, the total grassland area of the city is 7,799,100 mu (15mu=1ha), including sown pasture 397,900 mu, harvesting pasture 3,474,000 mu, and grazing ground 3,021,400 million mu. The usable grassland area is 6,893,300 million mu, the annual pasture capacity is 471,700 T, and the grassland theoretical grazing capacity is 646,000 sheep units.
Biodiversity, as for the wild animals, there are 26 species of beasts and more than 240 species of birds in the city, including 5 species of national Class I protection animals, 15 species of Class II protection animals and more than 40 general protection animals. There are 15 species of cranes in the world, while there are 6 species in the city. There are 58 families and more than 300 species of wild plants in the city, including 2 families and 8 species of gymnosperms and 24 families and 41 species of angiosperms.
2. Natural Reserves, Ecological Demonstration Zones and Key Ecological Function Areas
Natural Reserves Wuyu'er River Reserve has been elevated as a state-level natural reserve. Now there are totally 21 natural reserves in the city, including 2 state-level, 10 provincial-level, and 9 county-level reserves. The area of natural reserves reaches 483,357.25 ha, occupying 11.38% of the total land area of the city.
Ecological Demonstration Zones, all coverage is realized for construction of ecological demonstration zone in the city, including 5 national-level ecological demonstration zones and 4 provincial-level ecological demonstration zones.
Key Ecological Function Areas, 2 key ecological function areas are built, including the wind prevention and sand fixation ecological function protection area of 2.25 million ha in the western part of Songnen Plain, accounting for 57.81% of the total area of the city, and the water and soil conservation ecological function area in Kedong, Keshan and Baiquan is 870,000 ha, accounting for 20% of the total area of the city.
3. Protection of Countryside Ecological Environment
The city has created 4 state-level ecological towns/townships, 12 provincial-level ecological towns/townships and 144 provincial-level villages; Fuyu County has been built into the city's first provincial-level ecological county, and Nehe City, Baiquan County and Longjiang County have been listed as the first ecological county construction pilots of the province.